Arizona Eye Center Procedures – Glaucoma

Glaucoma: Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve. The optic nerve is the main nerve of the eye that sends vision signals to the brain. In glaucoma the 1.2 million cells of the optic nerve that we are born with “die” off in an unusually fast rate. The most vulnerable of the nerves are the ones that affect the peripheral vision..

Glaucoma is a dangerous disease because it affects the eye irreversibly with little to no symptoms. It typically affects the peripheral vision in a gradual silent manner eventually causing the patient to develop “tunnel” vision.

The best known risk factor to developing glaucoma is high eye pressures (the pressure inside the eye), but approximately 30% of patients with glaucoma have normal eye pressures. So, the diagnosis of this disease is a little trickier than most people realize.

At this time, the only effective treatment for glaucoma is to lower the eye pressure (even if it is in the “normal” range). Eye pressure can be lowered with eye drops, laser surgery, invasive surgery and rarely the use of oral medication.

At Arizona Eye Center we monitor and treat glaucoma patients every day. It is one of the most important reasons that everyone should have regular eye exams.